The Birth of the United States Post Office – In early colonial times most correspondence took place between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail that was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies depended on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated because the official repository of mail through the General Court of Massachusetts (appointed through the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, as well as the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Near My Location in the colonies, a few of which continue to be around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of New York set up a monthly mailing post between Ny and Boston. The post rider’s trail became known as Old Boston Post Road, which can be element of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was thing about this rider’s trail and is also one among the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications from a single plantation to a different.
Most importantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-twelve months grant in 1691 from the British Crown to begin with a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt because of this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights for the North American postal service from your widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The us government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who has been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed through the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for that colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man named John Foxcroft of the latest York succeeded him, serving till the outbreak of the Revolutionary War.
During his time as being a Joint Postmaster General for the Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements inside the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Usps Liteblue inside the North so that as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were put on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. For the first time, post riders carried mail at night between Philadelphia and New York, and the travel time was shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. This was apart from the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be used to enhance his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress that the colonies get together to form a United Postal Service. He believed that this could be a way to separate the colonies’ mail from the British postal inspectors. In this way they could communicate colonial news only to the colonies. Goddard proposed his notion of a postal service to Congress two years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties through the Crown for his actions. The crown considered that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the cause of the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today since the Boston Massacre, the colonies started to apart from England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish a completely independent government. Among the first questions before the delegates was how you can convey and provide you with the mail.
With all the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications in between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment from the organization that took over as the Post Office Hours nearly two centuries later traces back for this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus for the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself in this position, as well as many others, to meet George Washington’s dream about an information highway between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea would be to become united, Washington believed, that being a nation, we might forever be bound together by a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail in between the colonies and England was operating on a regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line of the system Franklin created, planned, and positioned in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the basis from the postal service which includes performed magnificently for that American people.