Prostate cancer is a ailment that happens in the male reproductive system. This cancer is quite fashionable as by far the most reasons behind death in america.
The prostate itself is mainly responsible for manufacture of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland is found involving the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we need finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, because it is usually without symptoms. This can be one answer for that question why this usually found in men aged 50 years and also the most regularly diagnosed inside the seventies. Indeed in line with the age, symptom which was not visible is going to be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by people who have the ailment is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you are going to found bleeding in urination, and the presence of erection dysfunction.
The diagnosing prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is the antigen if it found in someone`s blood, a doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will probably be confirmed through taking a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer continues to be under debate. Treatment solutions vary, based on the stage. During the early stages may be used prostatectomy (removal of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be accomplished (reduce testosterone levels through removing drugs or maybe the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (elimination of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The procedure is long and it is usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is produced within the abdomen or perineal area, along with the patient was required to undergo hospital treatment for 5-1 week. Complications that may happen is that impot-ence and incontinence uri. In patients who are still active s-ex-life, can be carried out Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (removing of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this treatment causes psychological and physical effects that can not really tolerated from the patients. Orkiektomi is an effective treatment, will not require re-treatment, in comparison with cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need prostatitis treatment. Orkiektomi usually done about the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to deal with cancer of your, B and C. Usually if the risk of surgical procedures are way too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy for the prostate gland can be done in a number of ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without having to undergo hospitalization. Negative effects like decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (like redness and irritation), injury or burns for the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation treatment therapy is usually done up to 5 times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive entirely on prostate tissue via a small incision. The benefit of this particular type of radiation therapy is that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage in the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The target is always to reduce the level of testosterone. Decrease in testosterone levels tend to be very effective in preventing the growth and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is principally utilized to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the more widely used to help remedy advanced prostate cancer. One example is the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the formation of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is called chemical castration since it offers the same result with removing the testes). Drugs given in the form of injections, usually every ninety days. One side effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and imp-otence.
Other drugs useful for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function to prevent the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. Along side it effects are impote-nce, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is often utilized to treat indications of prostate cancer is proof against hormonal therapy. Usually given an individual drug or combination of several drugs to eliminate cancer cells.
Drugs that can used to treat prostate cancer is:
The side effects vary and depend on the drugs given. You need to carefully consider the benefits and side effects of both treatments to obtain the 3d prostate treatment options that suit along.